Biohazard, Danger, Biology, Symbol, Sign

Biohazardous waste is any biological residue that is potentially dangerous for human or animal health, such as:

• human blood and its components, in liquid or semi-liquid form, dried or not • human physiological fluids (such as semen, vaginal secretions, cerebral spinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, and saliva), in liquid or semi-liquid form, dried or not

• human pathological waste: all human cells, organs, and body parts

• animal waste: all animal carcasses and body parts

• microbiological waste: laboratory byproducts containing infectious agents (including lost specimen cultures, stocks of etiologic agents, discarded live and attenuated viruses, wastes from the production of biologicals and serums, disposable culture dishes, and devices used to transfer, inoculate and mix cultures)

• sharps waste: sharp medical utensils such as scalpels, needles, glass slides, lancets, glass pipettes, broken glass which have been contaminated with potentially infectious material.

To help laboratories and healthcare operators navigate through the rigorous legislation on hazardous waste disposal, the Department of Health has generated the following classification:

Offensive waste

It’s non-clinical waste that is non-infectious and doesn’t contain chemical or pharmaceutical substances, but might be disagreeable to anyone who comes into contact with it.

You have to segregate health offensive residues from both clinical and mixed municipal rubbish.

If you’ve produced over 7kg of civil atomic byproducts, or have more than one bag in a collection period, you must segregate it from any mixed municipal waste.

If you’ve made less, you can dispose of your municipal offensive waste on your mixed municipal waste (‘black bag’).

It should be kept separately from any rust waste that’s infectious, which must be put in the bagged infectious clinical waste stream.

Waste medicines

A medication is considered to be cytotoxic or cytostatic for classification purposes if it is some of the following:

• acutely toxic

• carcinogenic

• mutagenic

The safe management and disposal of sharps is vital to ensure the risks associated with handling sharps are removed and to guarantee compliance with the Hazardous Waste Regulations (Special Waste Regulations in Scotland).

The disposal of sharps is determined by the medicinal contamination. To guarantee compliance with the Hazardous Waste Regulations the correct segregation and storage of sharps in colour coded bins and special containers is essential.

• Orange bins-For the storage and disposal of sharps not containing or contaminated with medicines, like sharps used for blood samples and acupuncture

• Yellow bins-For the storage and disposal of sharps contaminated with or containing medications or anaesthetics

• Purple bins-For the disposal of sharps and medications with Cyto-toxic or Cyto-static contents or contamination

• Blue bins-For the use of out of date medications, used drug denaturing kits and lost items from use in the handling of pharmaceuticals such as bottles or boxes with residues, gloves, masks, connecting tubes, syringe bodies and medication vials Anatomical waste.

Anatomical waste from operating theatres requires particular containment and must be stored, transported and disposed of as hazardous waste to ensure that there is not any risk to human health or to the environment.

Anatomical waste includes:

• Body parts

• Organs

• Blood bags and blood preserves

Hazardous chemical waste-includes:

• Wastes classified as’hazardous’ at The Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 amended 2016 (Schedules 1 and 2) or in The European Waste Catalogue (EWC)’List of Wastes’.

• Other wastes that exhibit one or more of the hazardous properties (HP1 to HP15) recorded in the Regulations (see the Environment Agency Guidance WM3).

Any health care supplies or other equipment (such as gloves, towels, used bandages and dressings, tubes) that come into contact with toxic materials and consequently exhibit more than trace elements of those materials are themselves also classified as hazardous waste.

The Environmental Protection Act includes a’Duty of Care’ which requires all persons involved with the handling of waste, including producers, to take appropriate and reasonable measures to ensure that:

• Waste is only kept, treated, deposited or disposed of in accordance with a waste management licence or other authorisation;

• Waste does not escape from the control of the holder;

• Waste is only transferred to authorised persons like registered waste carriers or licensed disposal operations allowed to take that type of waste;

• All transfers / movements of the waste are accompanied by an adequate written description of the waste that will allow waste to be identified and subsequently handled properly.

All Waste Matters provide specialist laboratory waste disposal services to a broad customer base throughout the UK, from commercial labs to schools, universities and colleges.

From our fully licensed waste management facility site in Kent, we can offer a tailored laboratory waste disposal and collection service of any unwanted chemicals and laboratory waste.

We gather with our own vehicles and our licensed laboratory waste disposal facility is often inspected by the Environment Agency.

This is essential in providing our customers with complete peace of mind and ensuring the laboratory waste is handled in-keeping and surpassing all recommended guidelines.

What is Bio hazard Waste

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