Bonsai

Bonsai, Miniature, Plant, Tree, Small

These trees were known as penjing, a Chinese term meaning”tray scene,” or penzai,”tray plant”

In China, Zen Buddhists prized these dwarfed trees, which have been found in the wild and full of knots and twists. Of no practical value, they have been thought of as full of natural energy because of their uncultivated nature. Later, as the prevalence of the art spread, techniques were developed to cultivate dwarfed trees to be able to fulfill demand that exceeded the availability of wild specimens.

Bonsai, a Japanese pronunciation of penzai, highlighted a single ideal tree as opposed to emulating a natural landscape. From the 14th century, the word for all these potted trees was hachi-no-ki,”tree in a bowl,” suggesting that at this moment, the trees had been planted in deep strands of Chinese style. Bonsai as a term became popular in the 17th century, when clinics shifted to utilize shallow Japanese-style trays to cultivate bonsai; the method favored now.

The Chinese tree-sculpting techniques expanded to include an assortment of practices and tools designed to create an illusion of age and wildness from the cultivated trees. These included special pruning techniques that produce natural-seeming branch breaks and openings as opposed to artificial stumps, wiring and pruning to form branches, and a suite of bark-removal procedures that produce dead wood, to be able to simulate the look of trees which were damaged by fire, struck by lightning, or otherwise exposed to natural hardships in their lifetime. Development of these techniques continues into the modern day.

The Great Barrier Reef

Great Barrier Reef, Diving, Coral, Ocean

The Great Barrier Reef Facts are as astounding as the actual reef itself. There’s so much wonder and funny details about it that all these individuals have become so enthusiastic about this terrific Australian natural wonder. It is vast marine life, its sun-kissed beaches, it is warm turquoise waters and all the memorable memories, experiences, and wonders waiting for those who visit.

Perhaps out of all of Australia’s natural gifts, the Barrier Reef is the most remarkable of them all. It’s the world’s largest coral reef. This reef comprises an abundance of marine life and comprises of over 3000 individual coral cays and reef systems and literally hundreds and hundreds of picturesque tropical islands with some of the world’s most beautiful sun-soaked, golden beaches.

Unsurprisingly, the Great Barrier Reef is one of the seven wonders of the natural world. And so, pulling back and taking a look at it, from a distance, one would easily understand why. It is considered to be larger than the Great Wall of China; and was promised to be the only living thing on earth that’s visible from space. This magnificent reef actually stretches over 2,600 kilometers.

Tourism earned in the Reef earn over AU$ 4-5 billion annually; making it a very lucrative source of external income. It’s thirty species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises have been recorded in the reef as well. It was also studied that six species of sea turtles arrive at the reef to breed.

And about vegetation, there are 215 species of birds. This includes 22 species of seabirds, and 32 species of shorebirds that visit the reef or nest or roost on the islands. There are over 1,500 species of fish which live on the world. Additionally, there are at least 330 species of ascidians on the reef system.

Great Barrier Reef cities include Cairns, Townsville, Rockhampton, Mckay, Bundaberg, and Maryborough possess a sense of individuality which made them independent centers which do not rely on Brisbane. This is all located in Queensland, which is unique amongst the Australian countries because it has a huge number of real coastal capitals.

Back in 2006, there were roughly 820 operators and 1500 boats and aircraft allowed to operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park providing the ease of accessibility for all to experience the Great Barrier Reef and find out about its Natural wonders and breathtaking World Heritage values.

Another interesting Great Barrier Reef fact is that it is a breeding area for humpback whales, migrating from the Antarctic and is also the habitat of a few endangered species such as the Dugong or the Sea Cow and the big Green Sea Turtle. In recognition to its importance, the Great Barrier Reef was declared as a World Heritage Site in the year 1981.

A closer encounter with the Great Barrier Reef’s impressive coral gardens reveal a whole lot of astounding marine life attractions including the world’s largest collection of corals (easily over 400 corals as a matter of fact). It also includes mollusks, stingrays, sponges, dolphins, over 1500 species of fish, over 200 types of birds, around 20 types of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old.

Information on lightning

Lightning, Lightning Bolt, Thunderstorm

As we enter mid-spring and the weather eventually starts to warm up a little, we hope to see a number of thunderstorms in Oregon. Inspiring awe in certain while scaring the trousers off others (although not ME, I am definitely not scared of lightning. But just what is it?

It’s not quite clear how the clouds reach these charges in the first place, but one theory is that different kinds of liquid (vapor, ice and water droplets) collide as they rise and fall inside a cloud. In the crash, electrons are knocked from the moisture and they collect at the base of the cloud, producing the negative charge. It’s believed that rising moisture then carries a positive charge to the peak of the cloud. The charge separation within the cloud is what generates an electrical field, the strength of which can be linked to the quantity of charge buildup in the cloud.

The powerful ionization causes the atmosphere to begin to break down, allowing for currents to flow in an effort to neutralize the charge. These currents are known as leaders, and they provide a route through the cloud for the lightning to follow. The first (or stepped) leader doesn’t move easily, but jumps in a jagged fashion. Many leaders form at precisely the exact same time, but the first one to make contact with the floor is the one which gets the lightning.

The entire process is somewhat more complex, but there you have the fundamentals of how lightning is formed.

Lightning is a complex phenomenon with many exceptions and variations.

For example, do you understand:

Why We Watch Lightning During Volcanic Eruptions?

If you saw photos of the eruption of Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull that erupted in 2010, then you might have seen lightning over the plumes of smoke and thought that they definitely need to be photoshopped. Not so!

There’s still research being conducted to the definitive reason for lightning within the smoke plumes of volcanoes, but the overall consensus involves, of all things, dust. The concept is that dust/smoke/ash particles take little charges which become amplified during the chaos of racing from a volcano. With every collision of a single particle with a different one, the charges become increasingly polarized until lightning is unavoidable since the polarization becomes too great for the atmosphere to withstand the flow of electricity. The lightning neutralizes the charge separation, basically relieving the strain of polarization.

There’s another lesser known sort of volcanic lightning, however, which happens right at the mouth of the volcano and is significantly less orderly (not the normal branching, bolting lightning we are used to seeing), manifesting as jagged sparks likely as the result of a hefty charge inside the volcano itself.

How Many Different Types of Lightning You will find?

The Common classifications are as follows:

They lack the hot temperatures of different kinds of lightning, and normally have a reddish-orange hue.)

Lightning is also occasionally further specified as:

Bead lightning (The corrosion of the luminosity of the bolt of lightning, causing a beaded look. This occurs very quickly and is hard to capture.)

St. Elmo’s Fire this isn’t really lightning, but often closely associated with it and noticed during electrical storms. St. Elmo’s Fire (not to be confused with ball lightning as it frequently is) is caused by a gap in electric charge. It’s made from plasma (ionized atmosphere that emits a glow) and, while lightning is the movement of power from a charged point, St. Elmo’s Fire is a coronal discharge that sparks up at the area where there’s a drastic difference in charge between the atmosphere and an object such as the mast of a boat or the steeple of a church. St. Elmo’s Fire is exactly the identical thing that occurs in a fluorescent tube- basically a constant spark, glowing blue due to the particular mix of air molecules. It might also choose a purple color.

St. Elmo’s Fire is quite tricky to locate accurate videos or images of. Many videos exist which claim to be St. Elmo’s Fire but are actually just static discharge (a frequent phenomenon around planes in the middle of storms). A simple way to tell the difference is that St. Elmo’s Fire doesn’t look like lightning- rather it emits a continuous glow.

Ball lightning- The most mysterious sort of”lightning”, there’s some dispute among scientists as to whether ball lightning really exists.

If you’re in the water when a storm starts, get out of the water as quickly as possible.

Lightning strikes will follow anything that conducts electricity, so keep off your mobile telephone in a storm and flip off/unplug your computers. If lightning strikes your property, even the strongest of surge protectors will have trouble protecting your equipment. (Radio waves don’t conduct electricity, so as long as your mobile phone isn’t plugged into an outlet and you’re not standing outside during the storm using the metallic apparatus held to your face, it’s safe to use it. They don’t strangely”attract” lightning over any other item with metal inside ).

Lightning does actually strike twice (the Empire State building is struck 20-25 times per year), so don’t rely on old adages to your security details.

If you’re caught in a thunderstorm and can’t get inside to security, crouch low to the ground but don’t lay flat. Try to maintain as much of your body from touching the floor as you can, since you’re in more danger of being hurt by currents traveling across the floor after a lightning strike than of being spilled straight by a bolt.

Ten seconds equals two miles, etc..

Lightning in Mythology

One has only to see an electric storm themselves to comprehend why so many individuals have connected lightning and thunder with deity. A few popular legends and myths about lightning:

The Thunderbird common to North American native cultures is thought to make thunder from the beating of its wings, and lightning is created by glowing snakes it conveys or directly from its eyes.

There’s a lot more to learn about lightning in all its various incarnations. It’s a stark reminder of the unbelievable strong forces of nature that surround us on all sides.

Four leaf clover

Four-Leaf Clover, Clover, Luck, Lucky

Four leaf clover is the world’s most well recognized good luck symbol. Here are 25 facts you may not know about the popular Four leaf clover.

A Four Leaf Clover is truly an mutation of the shamrock (a clover with only three-leaf), it can only occur in roughly 1 in 10,000 shamrocks.

Lucky clover, rabbit’s foot, and horseshoes are the most common good luck charms of North America.

According to Irish legend, St. Patrick used the Shamrock’s three leaves to educate the pagans about Christianity. When it’s found with the additional fourth leaf, it represents God’s Grace.

The Largest clover collection is by George J. Kaminski (b. 1951) that has single-handily collected 72,927 mutated Clovers since 1995. They were collected from fields within prison grounds in Pennsylvania, USA.

The new world record for the Most Clovers Located in the Fastest Time is May 20th, 2010 by John Christian Stokes, 10, who discovered three within 20 minutes while playing with his brother out his home in Dickson. The world record was sponsored by USA Laboratories, Inc.. Burns, TN.

The Guinness world record for the largest collection of clovers belongs to Edward Martin Sr. from Cooper Landing, Alaska, USA, with 111,060 lucky clovers, as of May 2007, which he has been collecting since 1999.

On March 17th, 2010, Fox News reported”Irish Shamrock Shortage Has St. Patrick’s Day Celebrations on Shaky Ground”, and because there is only one lucky lover in every 10,000 shamrocks, this makes the lucky clover nearly impossible to find.

A 21-leaf clover discovered on June 3, 2008 by Iwate prefecture farmer Shigeo Obara and has shattered the Guinness world record for many leaves on a clover stem.

A shamrock is considered to be a young clover. Clovers are in the same family as peas.

“The Cloverleaf Interchange” is named for the similarity of the 4 leaves pattern when seen from atmosphere” – Wikipedia

The lucky clover has been successfully cultivated. There are clover with over five leaflets, but they are extremely rare. It’s generally thought that more leafs; the luckier it is.

“A best friend is like a Four Leaf Clover: hard to find and lucky to have.” -Sarah Jessica Parker of popular TV show”sex in the city”.

Children in the Middle Ages believed they may see fairies if they found a lucky clover.

It’s good luck to find a lucky clover. Clover protects human beings and animals from the spell of magicians and the wiles of fairies, and it brings good luck to those who keep it in the home.

It is thought that finding a lucky clover will bring you fame, health, wealth and a loyal relationship.

According to legend of western cultures, each of the 4 leafs represent hope, faith, love and fortune.

The lucky clover is one of the most popular tattoo themes for body art. It represent”good luck” or an Irish pride or ancestry. It is often interchangeable with shamrock.

There are numerous popular song recorded with the titled – four leaf clover. Artist contains: Abra Moore, Badly Drawn Boy,, Erykah Badu and Stryper have songs written about the this great luck charm.

Metallica an American heavy metal band recorded”NO LEAF CLOVER” in 1999 as contrary the meaning of”Four Leaf Clover”, the song lyrics describe an unexpected change from good luck to bad.

Butter Coffee?

Image result for butter coffee

When it comes to beverages, individuals are able to take advantage of numerous ingredients. These ingredients can offer you unique tastes that could satisfy our needs. However, some people add special ingredients for their beverages to be able to attain wonderful advantages.
With respect to coffee, a growing number of folks are adding butter. For many, adding butter to java can be new. By adding such fixing, folks can make coffee tastier, without undermining the benefits of the coffee. Aside from that, experts also claim that butter coffee supplies a wide assortment of health benefits. Following are some of the next.
To start with, butter coffee is proven to help individuals lose weight. This is possible because grass-fed butter that’s often added in java could be metabolized very quickly in the liver. Additionally, experts also claim that butter coffee can cause your body to boost fat-burning, leading to weight loss. Additionally, this coffee is also known to possess high omega-3 count which might improve gut health and enhance anti-inflammatory properties.
Features high Wholesome fats content
Most individuals know that fats cause many health conditions. High fat intake may also result in risk of breast cancer straight through increased blood glucose levels. However, butter most notably grass-fed ones are proven to give healthy fats. And, butter can also be full of fat-soluble vitamins and trace minerals, such as beneficial selenium, a potent antioxidant.
Maintain the brain healthy
Another advantage of drinking butter coffee is that it can keep the mind healthy. Additionally, this coffee can serve as a mild cognitive enhancer. This sort of coffee also supplies omega-6 as it can enhance brain function, and normal growth and development.
Ultimately, butter coffee may also help people increase their energy. And, butter coffee includes high levels of it. As stated earlier, butter comprises omega-6, which may maintain bone health, regulate metabolism, and keep the reproductive system. Because of this, individuals have enough energy to take care of their tasks and duties easily and correctly. Butter coffee may also help athletic performance even in the event you don’t have the time to grab breakfast.
These are just a few of the awesome benefits that people can obtain when drinking coffee with grass-fed butter.

History of Tortoises

Turtles, Reptile, Tortoise Shell, Animal
We see giant tortoises in the zoo and we all know that a lot of men and women keep tortoises as pets, even the bigger breeds. When we hear about the background or tortoises, we look to realize that these are incredibly ancient animals which have existed long before the people that keep them captive and will likely be here long after we’re gone. This detail makes the tortoise such a fascinating animal to research and observe. Nowadays, we understand that they feel at home both on land and in water, for the most part. We all know what they look like: stubby legs, slow-moving, hard shell, etc.. But what have tortoises been through in their countless years in existence? That’s what we’re here to learn.
Let’s begin at the beginning. During the times of development, tortoises were one of the species that partly made their way from the water and moved back and forth between land and sea during their development. Exclusively marine tortoises went extinct about 200 million years ago but the traces of turtles as we understand it stay.
Even though the growth of the turtle may be a simple one to follow, unlike the snake for instance, there are still missing links and the anticipated gigantism of most prehistoric animals during the mesozoic and cenozoic eras. Can you imagine a giant tortoise roaming around, eating both giant plants? Paleontologists can not seem to pinpoint the precise prehistoric family that contemporary turtles evolved out of, but they are able to state with confidence that it wasn’t the placodonts, as was previously believed.
In Hinduism, Vishnu is half-man, half-tortoise and sat in the bottom of the sea floor after a excellent mythical flood.
Today, it is possible to find tortoises living in various areas of the world, growing to various sizes and showing different colours and patterns. The Galapagos Islands are home to giant tortoises and are believed to have arrived there around 3 million years back. Among the most impressive things about these turtles is their capability to survive without water or food for up to a year. Sadly, this could not save most the populace from near extinction. Whalers and buccaneers saved them on long voyages, and they have been used for their oil to light bulbs. Fortunately, there are conservation efforts to preserve these herbivores from human intervention and other things that have added to their decline.
In the U.S. individuals are usually fond of tortoises. Many see them as a perfect pet because they are relatively low maintenance. They hibernate in the winter until about April, eat a routine and simple diet, and do not really require any training or walking. Caring for a tortoise is usually highlighted by having the ideal environment and diet. It has been observed that they like human contact, though they’re not very social creatures. If they are kept with other tortoises, they can get competitive but not with any significant injuries. They like to burrow and will try to dig beneath any walls or fences so make certain to secure any enclosure.
You may get a tortoise available just about anywhere nowadays. You will find popular tortoises, such as the Russian Tortoise and the Red Footed Tortoise, available in exotic pet shops and can also be found on the internet. Before buying a tortoise, make certain to research the breed and its precise needs about lighting, temperature, and habitat. Knowing the development and history of tortoises, does not mean you know everything about contemporary tortoises. Educate yourself about how to look after a tortoise properly so that you can ensure you’re all set to handle the responsibility that comes with owning this ancient creature.

Guide For Selecting Ideal Gravel

Stones, Pattern, Structure, Background
Outdoor space can be applied as a terrace, but the process of designing a suitable one could be overwhelming. It sounds a simple job but deciding patio substance is daunting.
Patio material choices
Brick
Tile
Concrete
Stone
Pavers and popular ones including their own benefits and drawbacks
First thing to keep in mind is that your patio should look gentle, but must be hard-wearing. Gravel is the first option that comes in your mind. However, there are various sorts of gravel available and can be put in a number of ways. It’s a globally used substance but uses and forms vary enormously.
Examples
By way of instance, soft-looking inexpensive paths, which can handle wheelchairs, can be made from mixing small-sized gravel with sandy soil and dry cement. The airbases in Germany and streets in the US were made from soil and cement.
After the soil was cultivated, dry and water cement was mixed, evenly dispersed and the surface was raked smooth. It took a week to get this street. These streets were like soil color but hard with no dust.
Kinds of gravel for terrace
These never go like the normal loose gravel but are fine, textured and include clay together with the gravel. A heavy roller is rolled on it, while water is hosed within the roller-wheels to solidify it. Water attracts clay on the surface and seals it.
Bicycles, wheelchairs may be used over self binding gravels without causing any damages. It looks attractive and several folks love it, but a few don’t, because walking on the dirt from dirt leaves ground particles over it that are tough to remove.
To disguise a concrete or tarmac area, you can take advantage of fixed gravel technique. A solution is sprayed on the concrete and 2 to 3 thin layers of gravel have been rolled onto it. You get to choose various kinds and colours of gravel. It seems like loose gravel, but is strong and doesn’t appear charming. When used in restricted space for automobile use can erode the dirt and tarmac or concrete surface becomes exposed. It requires re-doing in every couple of years, in the event of heavy usage.
It’s popular choice and is completely immovable and mended with clear resin. Resin bonded gravel could be put on slopes and slopes on surfaces. It looks so pristine but for many people it lacks natural feel. Additionally, it’s extremely pricey.
If you would like loose dirt on slopes and desire to use that area for wheels, bicycles and high heels, then add a network of hexagons. This honeycomb grid is available in two sizes and made from recycled material. The hexagonal cells are intended to be full of decorative gravel or aggregate.
Geo-textile membrane is secured thermally to every sheets underside. This hexagonal cell structure looks exactly like a honeycomb except that this synthetic honeycomb is generated from polypropylene material, which has comprehensive strength of over 200 tonnes/sq m.
Benefits of gravel stabilization sheets
Permeable gravel surface helps to prevent water logging
SuDs compliant surface
Adaptive to use
Prevents potholes
No muddy mess
Lightweight and easy to set up
Acceptable for commercial and residential jobs
Creates high performance natural pebbly surface
Perfect for wheel chair users

Is Coffee Good?

Face, Woman, Beauty
Drinking coffee is good for your skin, but it’s better for this if you use it . These days you can discover lots of skin products containing java. Have a look at the list of components on packaging and tubes before buying such products.
You can use it to eliminate puffiness around your eyes. Additionally, it boosts the production of antioxidants and protects your skin from the damaging UVB rays, which may produce melanoma.
1 useful life hack is to maintain a supply of coffee ice cubes that you can use to gently rub any swollen areas on your face.
Aside from these advantages, it promotes skin-cell regeneration, and raises your collagen levels. Collagen helps your skin maintain its youthful look because its elasticity is kept.
If these facts have not yet convinced you of coffee’s health benefits, then look at these too; Coffee can help your blood flow and if you drink it frequently, you may know that it provides you a boost of energy.
You can create your own facial scrub with this liquid and use it as an exfoliator that will make your skin glow with health. Make the scrub by mixing java, olive oil and brown sugar.
Additionally it is very good for your scalp and hair, after all of your scalp is skin that also needs nourishment. When you’ve left it for about two minutes, you can clean your hair and scalp with your favorite shampoo and conditioner. You’re certain to be delighted with the results.
Make your scrub with the addition of a dessert spoonful of olive oil and a teaspoonful of sugar to a fresh coffee grounds and blend well. Using circular motions, massage the mixture into the areas in which you’ve got cellulite.
You will need the consistency of the mix to be thick. Leave your face pack for about 15 minutes and then wash it off with tepid water. Following this beauty treatment you’ll have glowing. Healthful skin.
Try these suggestions and learn precisely the benefits you can reap from using the ground beans and the ubiquitous brown liquid.

Entertaining With Jumbo Foil Balloons

People Holding Hello Baloons
1 word which makes everyone shout in optimistic is Party. The small and large, the old and young, healthy and delicate; all in 1 manner or another want to cherish a celebration. Party could be any particular event that one wants to share with the adored and close ones. Can it be a birthday, a housewarming or celebrating the opening of a restaurant, individuals leave no stone unturned to create these special moments even more memorable.
A lot spoken but when it comes to actual party, more frequently than not, people settle for the exact monotonous stuff. But typically, the party turns out to be quite predictive as opposed to entertaining.
Children name it and you’ve got it!
Throwing a party for children is never straightforward. Balloons no more charm kids as much as they did earlier. But things can differ in regards to foil balloons in various shapes, sizes and patterns. The idea isn’t to just put a huge balloon and a cake as the center piece with all encompassing it. The idea is to transform the area into the wonderland that the children have dreamed of.
From fairy-tale personalities to super-heroes and out of super cars to adorable little clowns, these Jumbo Foil Balloons have it all to make your party site a particular one. The success of this much loved movie Frozen has lead to the making beautiful foil balloons in the form of Olaf, Elsa and Anna. Allow the whole kingdom descend in the venue when you’ve got a princess theme party for your princess. Now you understand what you princess desires for her birthday party! Why should only women have all the goodies? Let your little hero present with super-man shaped balloon and save this planet earth from vandals.
When hosting a wedding party outside, keep a list of foil balloons wholesale ready and convenient. You may use them efficiently to cover a significant space, create artistic center pieces and send messages out. Forget the typical means of sending out invitations. If you would like to keep it easy, even a message that reads’Love’ or’Family’ would do just fine!
Celebrating the achievement of your eatery? Rejoicing the triumph of your favorite team in the racing event? Whatever be the occasion, celebration it with balloons. Be it foil letter balloons, ice-cream shaped, balloons as roulette wheel layout for your own casino, Ferrari shaped balloon or a simple lovable heart; purchase them and take your event to another level. Now you know how you would like your Halloween party. Many vendors offer these products online so that you don’t need to scout for a motif based foil air balloon. Next Halloween, all you have do to is to find a Foil Balloons Wholesale vendor and your celebration is set to scare the hell!

Soccer Cleats

Ball, Equipment, Field, Grass, Game
Every match, which is bizarre and is broadly popular, has developed from a form which you would actually find odd and not relatable to the present form. The growth of such sports, mainly incorporated in its introduction of some helpful props, or lets instead call them products used by gamers. Even these crucial sports substances, used by the players, have evolved with time due to modifications introduced in them with technological progress. The game, soccer also evolved with time. Obviously the ball underwent modifications. 1 other thing that has ever been the prime attraction for football fans and players are the football cleats. It’s quite surprising that king Henry (VIII) of England was the first one to have soccer cleats which really had horizontal outer sole. With time, awareness grew that so as to maintain a grip on the grass and keep equilibrium, players want studded soccer cleats.
The sort of cleat used mainly is determined by the surface type and the use of the participant in the game. The majority of the cleats are distinguished by the cuts and different arrangement of the studs on the outer part of the sole of the cleat. Variation in field type and the participant’s role results in the usage of different kinds of cleats. As an example, once the match is on a tricky field the players need wearing a fundamental sneaker type cleat with plastic studs. When playing on a wet or grassy area, cleats with screw-in studs prove to be advantageous for additional grip. There are cleats available today on the market for artificial grass too. As an example, to be able to minimize injuries linked to the ankle, bladed studs were introduced in football cleats, but they proved to be the cause of injury and were prohibited. The studs are made from metal too in some sort of cleats. Well, they’ve been banned in certain places.
Originally the football cleats were made from leather, but today the materials used for their construction are largely synthetic fibers which might be used with leather sometimes. Among the most astonishing innovations in this field is that the environment-friendly cleats. This cleat is truly the lightest of all and is composed of recycled materials.
THE Intelligent CLEAT: THE BEST INNOVATION
These cleats are believed to have brain since they have a processor, which captures information, installed in them. The processor can measure rate, no. Of sprints, maximum rate, distance covered, step rate, stride speed etc.. This cleat is a wonderful tool for assessing the performance of a player.